Glossary of Terms
Care that is generally provided for a short period of time to treat a certain illness or condition. This type of care can include short-term hospital stays, doctor's visits, surgery, and X-rays.
Medical treatment rendered to individuals whose illnesses or health problems are of a short-term or episodic nature. Acute care facilities are those hospitals that mainly serve persons with short-term health problems.
A progressive, irreversible disease characterized by degeneration of the brain cells and severe loss of memory, causing the individual to become dysfunctional and dependent upon others for basic living needs.
Long Term Care
Range of medical and/or social services designed to help people who have disabilities or chronic care needs. Services may be short- or long-term and may be provided in a person's home, in the community, or in residential facilities (e.g., nursing homes or assisted living facilities).
Federal and state-funded program of medical assistance to low-income individuals of all ages. There are income eligibility requirements for Medicaid.
Federal health insurance program for persons age 65 and over (and certain disabled persons under age 65). Consists of 2 primary parts: Part A (hospital insurance) and Part B (optional medical insurance which covers physicians' services and outpatient care in part and which requires beneficiaries to pay a monthly premium).
Facility licensed by the state to offer residents personal care as well as skilled nursing care on a 24 hour a day basis. Provides nursing care, personal care, room and board, supervision, medication, therapies and rehabilitation.
A type of therapy designed to help patients improve their independence with activities of daily living through rehabilitation, exercises, and the use of assistive devices.
A type of therapy Designed to restore/improve movement and strength in people whose mobility has been impaired by injury and disease. May include exercise, massage, water therapy, and assistive devices.
A physiatrist is a medical doctor who specializes in physical medicine, rehabilitation, and pain medicine. These spine specialists focus on the body's musculoskeletal system, which includes bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, tendons, and nerves.
Sub Acute Care
Type of short-term care provided by many long-term care facilities and hospitals which may include rehabilitation services, specialized care for certain conditions (such as stroke and diabetes) and/or post-surgical care and other services associated with the transition between the hospital and home.
Patients on these units often have been hospitalized recently and typically have more complicated medical needs. The goal of subacute care is to discharge residents to their homes or to a lower level of care.
The combined and coordinated use of medical, social, educational, and vocational measures for training or retaining individuals disabled by disease or injury to the highest possible level of functional ability. Several different types of rehabilitation are distinguished: vocational, social, psychological, medical, and educational.
Skilled Nursing Care
Daily nursing and rehabilitative care that can be performed only by or under the supervision of, skilled medical personnel.
Skilled Nursing Facility (SNF)
Facility that is certified by Medicare to provide 24-hour nursing care and rehabilitation services in addition to other medical services.
A type of therapy designed to help restore speech through exercises.
Metron Integrated Health Systems provides this glossary as an educational tool only. The information presented may contain information that is inaccurate, incomplete, or out of date.